Results of the online meeting CAD in Mechanical Engineering – the state and prospects of development in Ukraine

On August 26, within the ClusteRISE project, an online event “CAD in Mechanical Engineering” was organized by APPAU, IAM clusters from Zaporizhzhia, Kharkiv and the Ukrainian Maritime Cluster. The participants of the meeting talked about the state and prospects of CAD development in the country.

The event was attended by key categories of stakeholders, reviewing the state of CAD in various segments of CAD / CAE / CAM. Topics of the reports covered the following aspects:

  • Development of Eplan in Ukraine Volodymyr Taran, CEO of «Elektron», Kyiv;
  • Eplan in the training programs of Centers 4.0 Taras Bagan, Center 4.0 of the National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»;
  • Practical experience of implementation at FED JSC Oleksandr Naumenko, FED JSC);
  • CAD / CAM / CAE in the real sector of the economy, in research and education Mykola Tkachuk, National Technical University National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute» / «TENZOR», Kharkiv;
  • «Multiphysical system modeling of design, engineering and production tasks in ANSYS software» Vadym Garin, «CADFEM Ukraine», Kharkiv;
  • «Experience of modern CAD / CAE / CAM introduction in shipbuilding» Stanislav Seleznyov, MDEM, Mykolaiv.

According to the moderator of the event, Oleksandr Yurchak, the level of CAD introduction – especially CAD-CAE – is currently quite high in Ukraine, especially in electrical engineering and automation, where EPLAN is the undisputed leader. Another example of successful implementation, especially in shipbuilding engineering, is demonstrated by MDEM, where the transition to PLM (3D Experience Dassault Systems) is underway. The identified challenges of CAD in mechanical engineering include the following:

  1. 1) The cost (availability of modern CAD), which will increase with the transition of global manufacturers and suppliers of equipment and software to subscribe and model #SaaS.
  2. 2) Knowledge – People (culture), and it is not only about managers and business owners, but also about staff retraining, the weak pace of which called advancement of technology of current training systems. This is what Oleksiy Shevchenko (Zaporizhzhya Polytechnic, Terrawatt group) emphasized, emphasizing the need to train first of all teachers of higher education institutions.
  3. 3) Transfer of knowledge and technology from software manufacturers’ markets, which is mainly unique to suppliers, in contrast to Western countries, where DIH (digital innovation hubs), prototyping centers, research institutions, etc. are also involved.
  4. 4) Lack of unified CAD standards within enterprises.
  5. 5) Weak PDM (product data management system), which eliminates the existing capabilities of CAD.

The final part of the meetup was a discussion of the participants on the mass distribution of modern software in the engineering sector, accelerated development options that will respond to these challenges. According to Oleksandr Yurchak, they include the following:

  • dialogue with large international suppliers on the possibility of wholesale purchase of software, obtaining wholesale discounts for members of clusters IAM, APPAU;
  • attracting the help of international donors;
  • stimulating domestic developers to produce competitive products in the low-end segment; optionally, to encourage the development of applications within the technological ecosystems of large brands;
  • stimulating the transition to modern standards of our customers, which will increase the use of modern digital tools;
  • transfer of knowledge from leading organizations, training of teachers of higher educational institutions and acceleration of transition to new systems.

The project for the development of IAM clusters in the regions of Kharkiv and Zaporizhzhia «ClusteRISE» is implemented by the Association of Industrial Automation of Ukraine (APPAU) within the project «Application and implementation of the EU-Ukraine Trade Agreement» implemented by the German federal company Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH with financial support from the German government.

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